What To Do If Interest Rates Rise?

 What To Do If Interest Rates Rise?

 

Interest rates have been very low for many years now. There has been talk about interest rates rising, which is evidenced by the bond market. What do you do with IP rating

your money if interest rates rise?

There are several aspects of your money to look at when asking this question. The first area is debt. When interest rates rise, the cost of paying any kind of debt will go up on average. The exception might be credit cards, but the rate on this type of debt is very high to begin with. If you have debt, prioritize it into debt that has a fixed interest rate or a variable interest rate. The fixed rate debt is typically mortgages or loans with a certain time limit as per the debt contract. Variable rate debt would be lines of credit, or a mortgage that has a variable rate. The variable rates should generally be paid down first in the event of rising rates, since these will be affected the soonest. The fixed rates may be left until they are renegotiated, but thought should be given as to how you can pay the new rate when it comes into effect. If these fixed rate loans are years into the future, this consideration can be left until 1 to 2 years before the current rate expires. The next step is to choose the highest variable rate loans and pay them first. I would include credit cards in this list, as these tend to have the highest rates for most people. If you currently have variable rate loans, you can consider locking in a fixed rate for a longer time period. If you absolutely need a static payment each month and cannot afford a higher interest rate, this option would be a good idea for you.

The next area is your cash investments. Rising interest rates are generally good for savings accounts and GICs, as these would pay more interest. If you have money sitting in a bank account, and you have no other uses for the money, it should probably be left in the bank account or put into a high interest savings account which would pay more money as rates rise. Some bank accounts don’t pay much interest, and this would likely stay the same even if rates start rising. If you have GICs that are fixed in length, you would usually have to wait until they expire before reinvesting the money. You would likely get a higher rate at that time, if rates have moved up as of the expiry date. If you have GIC’s that are not locked in, or they can be redeemed at any time, you may want to redeem these when you see the posted rates higher than the rate you are currently getting. Make sure that when you renew this type of GIC that the new investment is still cashable and the holding period is short before cashing out. In periods of rising interest rates, you may find that you would have to keep renewing this type of GIC as rates rise to take advantage of higher rates. This process usually doesn’t cost any fees and contains no additional risk, so renewing as interest rates go up is generally a good idea in this situation.

The following area is the fixed income portion of the investment portfolio. There are certain investments that will get affected more than others in the investment arena. The first thing to notice is “which interest rate is moving higher?” There are rates for 1 day deposits, 1 month, 6 months, 1 year and so on all the way out to 30 years in length. The Bank of Canada or U.S. Federal Reserve will announce the overnight lending rate, but the other rates are determined by the markets in which they trade. Sometimes the overnight rates may not change, but the longer term rates may change based on what the bond market perceives as the interest rate direction. This has happened recently as the United States 10 year bond rate has risen but the overnight rates have not changed. If you have fixed income investments, which include bonds, mortgages, or any type of debt where you are receiving the interest instead of paying it, you would be affected by a change in rates. This is because the interest rate is the “price” of your investment, and if the rate rises, the price of the debt security would fall. This translates into “it is cheaper to achieve the same interest received that it was when interest rates were lower”. If you are holding this investment until it matures, the prices will change, but you will not be affected because you are holding the individual bond. If you are holding a pool of bonds or mortgages, like a mutual fund, the securities would keep changing and so you cannot assume that you will get a certain amount of money at a maturity date. Depending on which interest rate is rising, you may or may not be affected. If you are holding the 10 year United States Treasury bond and the 10 year United States bond interest rate rises, you would be affected directly. If you are holding the 30 day United States Treasury Bill at the same time, this security would not be affected unless the 30 day rate has also risen.

 

 

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